Care & Maintenance of Laminate by Brand
To clean the surface, use a damp cloth or sponge and a mild soap or detergent. Difficult stains such as coffee or tea can be removed using a mild household cleaner/detergent and a soft bristle brush, repeating as necessary. If a stain persists, use a paste of baking soda and water and apply with a soft bristled brush. Light scrubbing for 10 to 20 strokes should remove most stains.
Although baking soda is a low abrasive, excessive scrubbing or exerting too much force could damage the decorative surface, especially if it has a gloss finish. Drain cleaners containing lye will permanently damage any Wilsonart Laminate surface. If you spill a drain cleaner, wipe it up immediately and rinse several times with water. Hair, textile and food dyes can cause permanent stains. If dye should happen to spill, wipe it up immediately with dishwashing detergent or an all-purpose cleaner.
Never place pots or dishes directly from the oven or burner on an unprotected laminate surface; such extreme heat can cause cracking or blistering. Do not work with oven cleaners on an unprotected countertop. Wipe spills away promptly and rinse several times with water. Rust removers contain harsh chemicals which will quickly cause permanent damage. If a spill occurs, wipe off all residue immediately, wash thoroughly with soapy water and rinse several times.
Toilet bowl cleaners contain harsh chemicals that can cause permanent damage. If spills occur, wipe up immediately, wash surface with soapy water and rinse several times. Steel wool and other abrasive pads will damage Wilsonart Laminate. Don’t use them for cleaning and don’t store steel wool pads on your countertop; the metal can rust and leave stains. Should you need help with an unusual problem, please call us at 858-748-4174.
Use and Care – Formica® Brand Laminates
Formica® brand laminate is designed for beauty and durability. Like any surfacing materials, however, it can be damaged by abuse and carelessness. When you use it where recommended and care for it properly, it will give you years of satisfaction.
PROTECTING THE SURFACE
Before selecting the surface material, consider the type of use it will receive, as well as its texture, color, and reflective values. A rough-textured surface has different advantages, depending upon use, than a smooth-textured surface. High gloss finish laminates, for example, are not recommended for use in heavy-duty applications such as countertops.
Scratch and Impact Protection
Formica brand laminate is resistant to scratches and impacts under normal use conditions.
Use cutting boards, chopping blocks, or other protective surfaces.
- Do not chop, slice, pound, or hammer on any laminate surface.
- Knives or other sharp utensils may slice or scratch the surface.
- Heavy blows from a hammer or meat tenderizer may crack or gouge the surface.
Use place mats, doilies, and trivets on laminate surfaces when necessary.
- Ceramics and abrasive objects can cause scratching and premature wear – do not slide these items across surface.
Follow recommendations for cleaning – do not use abrasive cleaners, powders, steel wool, sandpaper, or Scotch-Brite® scouring pads (see Cleaning section).
Cookware still hot from the stove or oven, as well as electric skillets, waffle irons, curling irons, and hot rollers, should not be placed directly on laminate surfaces. Prolonged exposure to temperatures of 140°F (60°C) or higher may cause the laminate to separate from the core material.
Use a trivet, insulated hot pad or other protective device beneath all hot cookware, heat generating appliances, or other heated objects. Formica brand laminate can withstand heat up to 275°F (135°C) for short periods of time.
Avoid ironing or placing a hot iron on laminate surfaces. Do not place lighted cigarettes directly on laminate surfaces.
Formica® brand laminate is very easy to clean.
- In most cases, you only need to use a clean, damp, nonabrasive cotton cloth and a mild liquid detergent or household cleaner.
- Rinse with clean water, using a clean, nonabrasive cotton cloth.
- Do not flood the laminate, especially near seams, since water can penetrate and cause the substrate to swell.
- Dry the surface with a soft, clean, nonabrasive cotton cloth.
For specific types of surfaces, use the following care guidelines.
Matte and Sparkle Finish Laminate
Especially hard-to-clean areas may require special attention. Use a nylon-bristled hand or vegetable brush, along with a mild liquid detergent-and-water solution or household cleaner. Clean the soiled area, using a rotating motion. Rinse and dry the surface as indicated above.
Sculptured and Dimensional Finish Laminate
These surfaces may require special attention to clean the depressed areas. Use a nylon-bristled hand or vegetable brush, along with a mild liquid detergent-and-water solution or household cleaner. Clean the soiled area, using a rotating motion. Rinse and dry the surface as indicated above.
High-Gloss Finish Laminate
If residual streaks and smears remain after normal cleaning, use a mild glass cleaner and then dry with a clean, non-abrasive cotton cloth.
Never use cleaners containing acid, alkali, or sodium hypochlorite. These cleaners will mar, etch, corrode, and permanently discolor the laminate surface. Also, make sure that bottles, rags, and other materials contaminated with these cleaners never contact the laminate surface.
Examples of cleaners containing acid, alkaline, or sodium hypochlorite include, but are not limited to:
ceramic cook top cleaners
tub and tile cleaners
toilet bowl cleaners
some countertop cleaners
lime scale removers
SPECIAL CLEANING RECOMMENDATIONS
Sometimes new decorative laminate has a streaky appearance caused by contact adhesive used during fabrication. Clean with a non-abrasive cotton cloth and an adhesive solvent such as Formica® brand Nonflammable Contact Adhesive Solvent. Use solvent sparingly, as excessive amounts may delaminate edges. Read and follow all warnings and instructions on the labels of all solvent products.
Paint and Varnish
Remove most oil-based paints, varnishes and lacquers from decorative laminate surfaces with a suitable solvent. Read and follow all warnings and instructions on the labels of all solvent products, and remember that most solvents are extremely flammable. Use solvent sparingly, as excessive amounts may delaminate edges. Remove most water-based paints with an ammoniated household cleaner. For stubborn paint spots, gently use a plastic, non-metallic, non-abrasive pad. Never use steel wool or other abrasive scouring pads.
To remove or minimize stains, use full strength Fantastik® All Purpose Cleaner, Formula 409,® Pine-Sol® or other mild household cleaner on the affected area, and allow it to draw out the stain. Blot with a clean, damp, non-abrasive cotton cloth, and then rinse with clean water. When a recommended cleaner changes its formulation, the change may be harmful to the laminate surface. Formica Corporation cannot be held responsible for these changes. Solvents such as denatured alcohol can also be used. Follow all directions and warnings on the solvent label because many are extremely flammable.
Stubborn or “fugitive” stains that may disappear on their own, after a short time or after repeated cleanings, include:
|food stains||glass rings||food dyes|
|water marks||coffee and tea stains||fingerprints|
Stains which are stubborn or even permanent, and may not disappear, include:
|wood stains||cash register inks||indelible inks|
|newsprint||marking pen inks||food pricing ink|
Some materials and liquids, such as dyes and pharmaceutical products, will permanently stain laminate. Examples include:
|hair dyes and rinses||silver nitrate||laundry bluing|
|dermatological tar compounds||peroxide|
These stains may be reduced by applying a paste of baking soda and water on the area to pull out the stain. The paste will be slightly abrasive, so do not rub. Wipe up the paste with a clean, damp, non-abrasive cotton cloth, and then rinse with clean water.
Periodic application of a self-cleaning wax can help minimize future staining.
Scotch-Brite® is a registered trademark of 3M Company. Fantastik is a registered trademark of Dow Brands Inc. Formula 409® and Pine-Sol® are registered trademarks of The Clorox Company. Mercurochromeis a licensed trademark of Beckton Dickson.
NEVAMAR DECORATIVE LAMINATES CARE AND CLEANING INFO.
LOOKING NEW LONGER
Beauty secrets to stand the test of time. From exciting solids to innovative patterns to realistic woodgrains and more, Nevamar® high pressure laminates offer the latest designs and finishes for a variety of decorative and functional needs. And only Nevamar laminates have the exclusive Armored Protection™ surface to keep them looking new longer. With proper maintenance, Nevamar laminates will provide years of beauty and performance. This guide offers suggestions and recommendations on care and cleaning techniques to help your laminate surfaces stand the test of time
Nevamar® high pressure laminate can be easily wiped clean with just a clean, damp cloth or sponge using a mild soap, non-bleach detergent or one of the general purpose cleaners listed below. Water spots can be removed by using Dow Bathroom Cleaner®. Ammoniated and/or vinegar-based glass cleaners are best for cleaning surfaces soiled by grease. Polishes and sealers are not recommended as Nevamar laminate has its own luster. Application of these products will cause a residue buildup. Nevamar® tested a variety of general purpose cleaners and found them safe for cleaning all Nevamar laminate, including:
|Lestoil®||Pine Sol®||Top Job®||Fantastik®|
|Joy®||Formula 409® All-Purpose Cleaner||Crystal Simple Green® Cleaner||Dow Bathroom Cleaner®|
|Ammoniated and/or Vinegar-based Glass Cleaner|
*Nevamar® has not tested all cleaners. Other cleaners may be equally effective. If you choose to use a cleaner not listed above, we recommend you carefully review the use and warranty information of other products. We do not recommend the use of any cleaners with bleach or anti-bacteria formulas as they may damage the finish of the countertop. Abrasive cleaners/powders and metal or abrasive coated scouring pads should NOT be used on most laminates as they may permanently dull and scratch the laminate and make it more susceptible to staining. However, if you purchased a Nevamar laminate with the Armored Protection™, stubborn stains might be removable by carefully using a mild abrasive such as Soft Scrub® (without bleach) or one which contains calcium carbonate. If unsure, check with your Nevamar® dealer to be certain your laminate has the Armored Protection™ surface before cleaning. Rubbing with Soft Scrub® (without bleach) in one area may cause a gloss burnish to appear, causing that spot to appear duller than the rest of the counter. For persistent stains, gently rub Soft Scrub® over a large area to minimize burnish marks. No abrasive cleaner should ever be used on gloss or mirror finish laminate.
Though most spills are easily wiped away, certain food stains such as tea, food dyes, fruit drinks or coffee may be more difficult to remove. A thorough cleaning using a mild cleaner, detergent or general purpose cleaner and a short soft bristle nylon brush is recommended for removing stains. This procedure will also remove water marks, glass rings and greasy fingerprints.
INK STAINS/ PENCIL MARKS
Stains from pencil marks and inks such as felt tipped pens, food pricing labels, textile dyes, newspaper print and other indelible inks can sometimes transfer to the laminate surface and could become permanent. In order to reduce the risk of permanent damage, stains should be removed as quickly as possible. If necessary, use full strength detergent or a glass spray cleaner. Allow cleaner to remain on the stain for several minutes, blot with a damp cloth, then rinse. If stubborn stains persist, a solvent such as denatured alcohol, fingernail polish remover, mineral spirits, or pain thinner may be used. Several applications may be needed. Follow with routine cleaning and rinsing procedures.
CAUTION: Most solvents are extremely flammable —- keep away from flame or electrical sparks.
Solvents will damage real wood finishes. Solvents will also attack the glue line (between the vertical edging and the top) causing delamination. Be careful not to splash on cabinets or other wood surfaces.
High pressure laminates resist many chemicals including alcohol, paint thinners, most cosmetics and drugs. However, care must be exercised when using bleaches, hair dyes, rinses, bluing, drain cleaners, and full strength detergents for automatic dishwashers as these chemicals can cause permanent stains. Precautions must also be taken to protect your laminate surface from chemicals commonly found in rust removers, metal/oven cleaners and drain/toilet bowl cleaners. Never put such cleaners on laminate surfaces. Spills from these acid or caustic based products will etch, discolor and permanently damage the laminate if allowed to remain on the surface. Accidental spills should be wiped off immediately and the area rinsed thoroughly.
If greater chemical resistance is needed, ChemArmor™ laminate by Nevamar® provides outstanding resistance to more than 100 acids/bases, solvents, stains, indicators and general regents. Please refer to the ChemArmor spec data sheet for details.
PAINT & ADHESIVE STAINS
Varnish, lacquer and oil base paints can be removed from laminate by thorough cleaning using proper solvent or paint remover. (CAUTION should be taken since most solvents are extremely flammable. Solvents will damage real wood finishes. Be careful not to splash on cabinets or other wood surfaces.) Water based paints are best removed with an ammoniated household detergent such as Lestoil®. If paint spots have dried and are especially stubborn, a plastic (non-metallic), non-abrasive scouring pad may be used. Super Glue™ adhesive (cyanoarcylate) can be removed with nail polish remover or Acetone.
AVOID EXTREME HEAT
Nevamar laminate can withstand heat up to 275º F. However, exposure to temperatures above 150º F may result in a separation of the laminate from its substrate. Do not place hot frying pans or dishes directly from the burner or oven onto the laminate. Do not operate heated appliances such as irons, toasters, electric fry pans or deep fryers directly on the laminate counter. (Use a trivet or insulated hot pad beneath these hot objects.) Do not allow burning cigarettes to remain in contact with the laminate surface. Permanent damage will occur.
SCRATCHES, ABRASIONS AND CHIPS
Although high pressure decorative laminates will resist wear and abrasion, the surface can be accidentally damaged, even in normal use. Care must be taken when using heave earthenware and other ceramic products that have rough bottoms. These objects will cause deep scratches and excessive wear in the laminate surface. Use knives and other sharp implements only on a chopping board or counter saver. Never hammer on the laminate with hard objects, especially near the edges. Heavy impact caused by falling dishes, cans or utensils can result in chips and/or cracks in the laminate surface.
PIONITE Care & Maintenance
Pionite decorative laminate provides a durable surface that is easy to maintain using ordinary care.
To maintain the laminate’s lasting beauty, cleaning with a solution of warm water and liquid dishwashing detergent is all that should be required in most cases.
Stains may be removed with most non-abrasive household cleaners such as FORMULA 409®, FANTASTIK®, GLASS PLUS®, or WINDEX WITH AMMONIA D®. Light scrubbing with a soft bristled brush may be necessary to remove stains from the depth of the structure on some textured surfaces.
If the stain persists, use a paste of baking soda and water and apply with a soft bristled brush. Light scrubbing for 10-20 strokes should remove most stains. Although baking soda is a low abrasive, excessive scrubbing or exerting too much force may damage the decorative surface, especially if it has a gloss finish.
Stubborn stains that resist any of the above cleaning methods may require the use of undiluted household bleach. Apply the bleach to the stain and let stand no longer than 1 – 1/2 minutes. Rinse thoroughly with warm water and wipe dry. This step may be repeated if the stain appears to be going away and the color of the laminate has not been affected. WARNING: Prolonged exposure of the laminate surface to bleach will cause discoloration.
Many commercially available products contain substances that may damage or discolor a laminate surface. ABRASIVE CLEANERS SHOULD NOT BE USED. Particular care should be used with any products labeled CAUTION or WARNING. Any questions or concerns should be referred to the product’s manufacturer or call 1-800-PIONITE. Do not allow harsh materials to remain in contact with the laminate surface. Examples of these are as follows:
- Toilet bowl cleaners
- Hydrogen Peroxide
- Oven cleaners
- Drain cleaners
- Metal cleaners and polishes
- Chlorine bleach
- Coffee pot cleaners
- Hard water stain removers
- Fruit and berry juice
- Tub and tile cleaners